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The export of certain items, technologies, software and services are regulated for reasons of national security, foreign policy, prevention of the spread of weapons of mass destruction and for competitive trade reasons. Export control laws restrict the shipment, transmission or transfer of certain items, software, technology and services from the United States to foreign countries, as well as "deemed exports," which are releases of controlled physical items or controlled information to foreign nationals located in the United States.

Export control laws include:


Most research related exports are likely to be excluded from EAR and ITAR export controls under one of the following exclusions: (1) the fundamental research exclusion; (2) the “publicly available” (EAR) and “public domain” (ITAR) exclusion; or (3) the educational information exclusion.

See System Policy 15.02, Export Controls.